Nolite bastardes carborundorum

Discussion in 'Science and Technology' started by JTP, Jun 21, 2011.

  1. JTP

    JTP New Member

    "phrase of Roman law, Dig. 19 tit.2 s.13, referring to the legal doctrine whereby illegitimate children could not avail themselves of the right, granted under Theodosius and later emperors, to free medical care for gum disease and tooth loss incurred as a consequence of grit in flour from the imperial mills distributed by the praefectus annonae.
    For grit in flour, due mostly to relatively soft sandstone mill-stones, its health consequences in antiquity, and the resulting wear on teeth useful in forensic dating of human remains, see Bakker's monumental work, Sandsteinschotterzahnverfall in Alterthums, Leipzig, 1847; for the theory of state responsibility in epidemic disease spread by food welfare schemes, see J.-D. Puceau de la Gencivière, Observations juridiques inédites sur une ode de Tertullien: les maladies endémiques de l'antiquité tardive, Louvain, 1922, esp. pp.143-152 and his bibliography.
    The exclusion of illegitimates from what had been felt to be a matter of imperial responsibility first occurred in a rescript of Justin II. Although phrased in terms of Christian morality, the rescript was in fact suggested by court administrative officers seeking to tighten the imperial finances. What started with teeth and the illegitimate soon was opportunistically extended under subsequent emperors, however, to almost every government subsidy, and this intransigent attitude eventually led to the so-called Carborundum or Teeth Riots under Heraclius in 619.
    The matter was resolved by a military expedition in which a small Byzantine army led by Odontophanes, himself illegitimate, broke the ivory monopoly of the Abyssinians and established a state factory of false teeth at Pyopolis on the coast of the Indian Ocean in 623; predictably, this became a major factor in the decline in elephant populations in East Africa. At Bullahar in Somalia, K.A. Johnston and a team of co-workers from the American University of Beirut found ancient remains in 1968 which have been tentatively identified as Pyopolis (J. Irrepr. Res., liv.24-27, 1971)."



    Reference: http://www.ukans.edu/history/index/europe/ancient_rome/E/Gaz...
     
  2. Gonz

    Gonz molṑn labé Staff Member

    huh?
     
  3. JTP

    JTP New Member

  4. valkyrie

    valkyrie Well-Known Member

    I'm not sure of the legitimacy of that article, though the site is edu. But I have a suspicious nature, so don't take offense. The phrase illegitimi non carborundum, which is also another form of this mock-Latin phrase nolite bastardes carborundorum, usually (loosely) translated as "don't let the bastards grind you down". It is fake Latin and there are references to it being used in war, in books (The Handmaid's Tale as nolite te bastardes carborundorum) and as political phrases in modern 20th century USA.

    Carborundum is silicon carbide which is an industrial abrasive material.

    Odontology is the study of the structure, development, and abnormalities of the teeth but the word origins are surprisingly Greek, not Latin. Etymology of the word "Odontophanes" ... odont- from odous which is Greek for "tooth"; -phanes, also Greek, from phainein "to show" or phainesthai "to appear".

    It is possible that the event did take place (look for other sources) but why would the author use mock Latin in the article to throw doubt on it's source?
     

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