March 1st in history..... 1803: Ohio enters the Union as the 17th state. 1872: President Ulysses S Grant signs a bill creating Yellowstone National Park, making it the first national park in the United States. 1875: The United States Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1875, guaranteeing African Americans equal access to public facilities. 1961: President John F. Kennedy creates the Peace Corps by executive order. 1972: Wilt Chamberlain becomes the first NBA basketball player to score 30,000 points.