9-02-08 1666: The Great Fire of London starts in a baker's shop. The fire devastates the city, destroying many buildings, including Saint Paul's Cathedral and the Guildhall. 1864: Union armies led by General William Tecumseh Sherman occupy Atlanta, Georgia. They will burn much of the city before beginning their march to the Atlantic Ocean. 1945: On board the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japanese officials make their formal surrender to the United States, ending the conflict between the two countries in World War II. 1945: Viet Minh forces, led by Ho Chi Minh, declare the independence of Vietnam from France, beginning an eight-year colonial war that will result in a partitioned country. 1969: Ho Chi Minh, leader of North Vietnam and architect of Vietnamese independence, dies at the age of 79. 31 BC: The forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra are decisively defeated near Actium by the Roman army of Octavian (later known as Augustus), allowing Octavian to consolidate his rule of the Roman empire.